In spite of the fact that the Civil War of Sierra Leone did not formally start until 1991, a few occasions happened in the decades paving the way to the 90’s that eventually pushed the nation into a vicious clash. Sierra Leone picked up its autonomy from the UK in 1961 and the next years were set apart by noteworthy government defilement, wastefulness, and general disappointment. Open decisions were savage and risky, and the instructive framework started to break down.
The circumstance was further confounded when Siaka Stevens, the third executive, took office in 1968. He served for a long time and amid his term, made a one-party political framework which prompted to the further destroying of open regulatory workplaces and outrageous levels of debasement. In 1985, the fourth executive, Joseph Momoh, ended up being one and the same. Under his supervision, Sierra Leone endured a flat out financial emergency. Open authorities were left unpaid and, in striking back, many plundered and obliterated government property and workplaces. This included state-funded teachers which prompted to the entire fall of general society instructive framework. By 1991, Sierra Leone was a standout amongst the most ruined nations on the planet, and its nationals were disappointed with their living conditions.
Blood Diamonds: The Fuel Behind the Conflict
The real concentration of the RUF and AFRC battle was to take control of the nation’s precious stone mines. The precious stone mines have been the wellspring of debasement and individual pickup by government staff since the 1930’s. The DeBeers precious stone organization once financed mining endeavors in Sierra Leone and gave a legitimate fair exchange course for the important diamonds. They ceased their inclusion in 1984, bringing about the legislature to lose income. By the late 1980’s, the precious stones were being exchanged and sold unlawfully by private people. Endeavors by the legislature of Sierra Leone to stop this debasement were unsuccessful.
Blood diamonds turned into the fuel that encouraged the common war fires. Blood diamonds stones are any jewels that have been mined in a zone of contention and sold for the benefit to fund war endeavors. Alluvial diamonds stones are effortlessly found inside riverbeds and along waterway banks and can be acquired with straightforward instruments. Removing alluvial precious stones includes burrowing with hands or scoops and filtering the mud and rock with strainers and stream water. One mineworker can separate different karats of diamonds every day in this way.
The RUF rebels exploited the effortlessly available alluvial precious stones and the absence of government controls encompassing the business. This blend permitted individuals from RUF to offer blood diamond stones to acquire weapons. Regular folks living in precious stone mining zones were coercively expelled from their homes so that the RUF could keep up control over the mines. A large portion of the blood diamonds stones from Sierra Leone was exchanged to the Liberian president, Charles G. Taylor, in return for weapons and military preparing from the AFRC.
It has been contended that controlling the precious stone mines, as opposed to ousting the degenerate government, was the genuine purpose for the decade-long war. Regardless of whether this is genuine will probably remain a puzzle. What is sure, in any case, is that the revolt gatherings would not have possessed the capacity to pick up power without access to the blood diamond.