War is a form of conflict or extreme aggression which occurs between different nations, civilizations, countries etc like Iraq war to gain power, to achieve the desired results, to subdue the other and to try to satiate the insatiable vested interests.
Historical Background of Iraq War
History is replete with example of war among nations where one country or nation attack to achieve victory. The war in Iraq and America is of such type. It Started on March 20, 2003, when American forces invaded Iraq by accusing it of having ties with the Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and possessing a weapon of mass destruction i.e. chemical biological and nuclear. The US also declared the government of Saddam Hussein as an ‘undemocratic government’ and toppled it.
Post-Invasion Scenario of Iraq War
In this Iraq war, the other forty allies were with the US, the top of which among them was the UK. Iraqi forces were swept and the US was quick to trample them. In that time, the US was of the view that Saddam Hussain and his government was a major and inevitable threat to the US security and stability especially after 9/11.So, owing to this deadly threat, an operation called ‘Operation Red Dawn’ was held against President Saddam Hussain to capture him and after his capture in 2003, he was executed by a military court three years later.
After the demise of the President, there appeared a vacuum of power, which further deteriorated the political milieu of Iraq. Many insurgents and violent groups appeared for acquiring power at any cost. Some of those violent groups were provided assistance and support from Iran.
During the initial phase, 160,000 troops were sent to Iraq, among them 130,000 were from the US alone and all others from the coalition with other countries.
According to the US President George W.Bush and the UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, the coalition mission was “to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, to end Saddam Husain’s support for terrorism, and to free Iraqi people”.
Causalities of Iraq War
There was an unprecedented loss of lives during and after the war. The military personnel, as well as civilians, lost their lives. The death toll varies but according to some estimates, approximately 7,500 civilians were killed during the invasion period.
Consequences of the Iraq War
This war not only badly affected the political structure and lives of Iraqi but also endangered and threatened the other precious human lives, the social fabric, economic stability, cultural heritage, and legal security, dispensation of justice and peace and prosperity of the country.
It also impeded the growth and development and reduced the Human Development Index (HDI).It also badly affected the psyche of children and gave rise to a lot of diseases, defects, and malnourishment. It not only alienated the provision of basic facilities but also denied the basic and essential rights which are imperative for the very existence of an individual.
Repercussions of the Iraq War
Displacement of People
One of the repercussions of this war is the displacement of a massive number of people. It gave rise to about 4 Millions of refugees.
Insurgencies and Violence
After the demise of the president, the insurgents’ groups appeared with violent activities and derailed the ongoing process. They were power hungry and wanted to gain the power thereby fighting with one another were at large.
Apart from the involvement of insurgent groups, there was a great void of political leadership. This made the whole situation worsen when many of the groups wanted to gain power.
Impeded growth and shambled economy
The political infighting, mass destruction of infrastructure, Rise of violent groups, power-hungry politician and the demise of the president made the economy crippled. It impeded the national progress of growth and development.
Loss of Infrastructure
The war also gave a deadly blow to the infrastructure of Iraq. Due to this war, Iraq lost its important roads, bridges, dams and it also endangered and posed a looming threat to the oil reserves.
Damage to the Cultural Heritage
A lot of important places like the national library and national museum were destroyed as a result of this war and damaged the cultural heritage of Iraq very badly.
Poverty and Unemployment
Due to this war, the HDI showed a very low position. The employment rate decreased very fast. It was estimated that unemployment level reached 60%. This automatically gave rise to poverty.
Proliferation of Diseases
Apart from losing lives, they are proliferating a lot a disease from the use of poisonous gasses and harmful weapons. It affected the psychological state of many minds. There appeared anxiety, fear, nervous disorders, birth defects, water born diseases, depression etc, which were difficult to handle in such a state of turmoil.
Involvement of foreign Hand
There were about 40 allies of the US in the war, who was there to bolster the political rhetoric of the US about the disarmament of Iraq and making it a democratic. But some countries backed the insurgent groups which further deteriorated the already worsening situation. These provided violent groups with unprecedented support and assistance for waging war.
Withdrawal of US forces from Iraq
The US invaded Iraq in 2003 and remained there for about nine (9) years. The war cost both the countries in terms of lives and economy. It cost the US in Trillions and likewise, Iraq lost its beautiful infrastructure. Keeping this in view and all the public opinion, the Congress passed a bill in 2007 to withdraw the US forces from Iraq. The US signed an agreement with Iraq known as “The US-Iraq status of forces agreement” according to which the US will withdraw its force from Iraq till 2011.
Legality of the US invasion in Iraq War
This war was waged by the US in a collision with UK, Poland, Australia and other allies they considered it fully legal, however; according to United Nations (UN) and UN charter, this was illegal.
The Conclusion of Iraq War
In March 2003, the US with other 40 allies waged war in Iraq and invaded it by its military troops. The US accused the Iraqi president Saddam Hussain that he had links with Al-Qaida and Osama Bin Laden and possessed Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). It toppled its government and executed Saddam Hussain. The war costs both Iraq and US to a high extent. In 2007, both the countries signed an agreement and the US troops left Iraq’s territory till 2013. Thus, this war came to an end.
“It is not enough to say we must not wage war. It is necessary to love peace and sacrifice for it”
(–King Martin Luther Jr)